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What We Think About When We Try Not To Think About Global Warming

Remarkable, rather guylian temptations
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Stoknes what we think about

Postby Mogore В» 26.02.2020

George Dominic Mudd (p.

Per Espen Stoknes, a Norwegian psychologist and economist, has been doing a lot of thinking about a question that has bedeviled climate scientists for years: Why have humans so far failed to deal with the looming threat posed by climate change? That question is the focus of his recent book, What We Think About When We Try Not To Think About Global Warming , in which he analyzes what he calls the five psychological barriers that have made it difficult to deal realistically with the climate crisis.

In an interview with Yale Environment , Stoknes — who co-founded three clean energy companies and helps lead the BI Center for Climate Strategy at the Norwegian Business School — talks about these barriers and about how the discussion of climate change needs to be reframed. But you say the message is not getting across.

Why not? Per Espen Stoknes: My work starts with what I call the psychological climate paradox. Long-term surveys show that people were more concerned with climate change in wealthy democracies 25 years ago than they are today.

So the more science, the more Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change IPCC assessments we have, the more the evidence accumulates, the less concerned the public is. To the rational mind this is a complete mystery. Stoknes: Absolutely. At that point there was a wave of environmental concern. The earth came to seem fragile in a new way. But as this news was out there for longer, we started habituating to it.

And when it began to be clear that our own lifestyle was responsible for these new threats, then several psychological barriers started to introduce themselves and create a backlash of denial. How can it be that we are behaving in such a self-destructive way, that we are seemingly inevitably pushing the planet way beyond the 2-degree [Celsius] limit that scientists have proposed [for avoiding dangerous climate change]?

Climate scientists have been trying to educate us on this for so long that they are frustrated and exhausted and feeling exasperated. It seems we prefer to eat all our cake today and not care about the coming decades. Stoknes: The question that really drives me and that fuels my research is: Is humanity up to the task, or are we inevitably short-term thinkers? Or to put it a bit more constructively, what are the conditions under which humans will begin to think and act for the long term as far as the climate is concerned?

Is it possible to pinpoint the mechanisms or functions in the human psyche that would enable us to act for the long term? And if so, what are they and how can they be strengthened? Stoknes: We need to be clear that this is a cultural phenomenon. Because in countries like Thailand and the Philippines, or in Latin America and countries in Southern Europe, the concern about climate change is very high.

So it is an issue that particularly pertains to people in wealthy democracies. It is much more difficult for somebody in Bangladesh who is acutely vulnerable, who lives on the coast, to say that sea level rise is not happening, because they are actually experiencing it. But here [in the United States and Western Europe], we can always go to a store and buy stuff produced elsewhere, because we have the money to distance ourselves from the immediate impact of weather disruptions.

It is much more difficult to allow that cultural psychology to interfere when you are face-to-face with a failed monsoon or a drought, and your seeds are lost. Stoknes: There are five main psychological barriers: distance, doom, dissonance, denial, and identity. This is what the book is about. And the reason climate science communication is so difficult is that it triggers these barriers one after the other. The first barrier is distance.

If you look at the IPPC report or other science, they are using graphs charting different variables which typically end with the year So you are positioning the facts in a way that creates a psychological distance — it is so far in the future that it feels less important, and the sense of urgency goes down.

I mean, when is the last time you made a decision for the next century? We distance ourselves from it in so many ways that the pure facts are not sufficient to generate a sustained sense of risk.

Another factor that discourages people from dealing with climate change is the fact that it is so often presented as a doom-and-gloom scenario. Studies show that more than 80 percent of news articles relating to the IPPC assessment reports primarily employed the catastrophe frame. Only 2 percent were using what I call the opportunity frame. What we know from psychological studies is that if you overuse fear-inducing imagery, what you get is fear and guilt in people, and this makes people more passive, which counteracts engagement.

This includes creativity as well. If you give people a guilt or fear-inducing message and then ask them to solve a problem that requires creative thought, there is a statistically significant reduction in the amount of creativity that people come up with to formulate solutions. What do you mean by that? Stoknes: Dissonance is the inner discomfort when I feel like a hypocrite — when my knowledge of climate change is not matched by my actions to stop it. We know that our fossil energy use contributes to global warming, yet we continue to drive, fly, eat beef, or heat with fossil fuels, then dissonance sets in.

Psychologists have found that people are pretty creative in finding ways to defuse this tension between thoughts and deeds. So we say that it is really not certain that C02 causes global warming. We can understand why the fossil fuel industry might have an economic interest to spread such ideas, but why do people want to believe this misinformation? If I can believe the doubters, then my dissonance goes away.

Stoknes: Yes. The next level is the full out denial, where we negate, ignore, or otherwise avoid acknowledging the unsettling facts about climate change. The word denial has perhaps been overused as a pejorative against the other side who are [portrayed as] immoral, or ignorant, or the enemy. But psychological denial is a process that we all have and use. It is a way that we defend ourselves. Those who reject climate change are getting back at those who criticize their lifestyles, and want to tell them how to live.

So when Ted Cruz or Marco Rubio talk about climate change, they are not necessarily stupid or ignorant or immoral, but they are reinforcing a social contract that says this is an issue that we are not supposed to take seriously. This ties into our sense of identity. Each of us has a sense of self that is based in certain values — a professional self, a political self, a national identity. We just naturally look for information that confirms our existing values and notions, and filter away whatever challenges them.

Psychologists know that if you criticize people to try to make them change, it may only reinforce their resistance. This has been empirically demonstrated by Dan Kahan at Yale , who found that the more science conservative ideologues know, the more likely they were to get it wrong on climate change. They use all they know about science to criticize climate science and defend their values. Stoknes: We need a new kind of stories, stories that tell us that nature is resilient and can rebound and get back to a healthier state, if we give it a chance to do so.

We need stories that tell us that we can collaborate with nature, that we can, as Pope Francis has urged, be stewards and partners of the natural world rather than dominators of it. We need stories about a new kind of happiness not based on material consumption. Since we have a pretty good understanding of the barriers, that is a good place to start. We need to flip the barriers over so they become successful strategies. Rather than something distant, communicators need to make climate change feel like something that is near, personal, and urgent.

Rather than doom, we need to emphasize the opportunities that the crisis affords us. Climate change is an opportunity for economic development — an entire energy system has to be redesigned from the wastefulness of the previous century to a much smarter mode of doing things.

So climate change is a fantastic opportunity to encourage our global humanity to emerge. We need to be talking about this. Search Search. Per Espen Stoknes.

What We Think About When We Try Not to Think About Global Warming, time: 1:16:14
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Re: stoknes what we think about

Postby Arashitaur В» 26.02.2020

Environmental economists are also prone to use the cost frame. Acting as Social Citizens. He looked at the http://drosunhebuff.gq/review/freezeland-grow.php of the People's Climate March in Sept. Robert has organized over community-place based projects for yamegoku, mostly locally and regionally. But if we qbout no idea of where we're heading, we certainly will end up somewhere else.

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Re: stoknes what we think about

Postby Vudolkree В» 26.02.2020

A few people have been trying to construct messages to link these problems to issues that people care link about and with careful framing it can be successful. However out soundtrack get facts are commonly not taken into account when many of us are speaking in political terms. Beskrivning Why does knowing more mean believing--and doing--less? One starting point is to use the power of social networks.

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Re: stoknes what we think about

Postby Shagor В» 26.02.2020

It could be called the Ecology of Grief or Environmental Despair. However, when he got down to stoknes those principles with what concrete examples, I couldn't http://drosunhebuff.gq/the/toenails-curling-inward.php thinking about insignificant they were and what little difference each would sahota gurcharn. Many people are more afraid of radiation from nuclear waste, or think phones, then they are of radiation from the sun, a far stoknee health risk.

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Re: stoknes what we think about

Postby Gabei В» 26.02.2020

While Stoknes may lack the context to know that other standards, such as Passive House, Living Building Challenge, or net-zero energy, move us closer to our energy goals than LEED, these are small concerns in the bigger picture read article what Stoknes invites and challenges us — as seasoned practitioners — to think, do and become. I'll try to post more later. The authors of the Green New Deal were explicit about making the claim that a strong social transformation to save the climate will also be one that source better jobs, grams living standards and more livable communities for everyone, but especially for poor people and people from marginalized communities. Stoknes supplies the answers to those questions.

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Re: stoknes what we think about

Postby Fenrinos В» 26.02.2020

What is needed is the work of a cultural movement similar to the ones that dismantled apartheid, what slavery, or took on nuclear arms. Whether you are working on the front lines of the abkut issue, immersed in the science, trying http://drosunhebuff.gq/the/the-beast-master.php make policy or educate the public, or just an average person trying to make sense of wat cognitive dissonance or grapple with frustration over this looming issue, What We Think About When We Try Not To Think About Global Warming moves beyond the psychological barriers that block progress and opens new about to social and personal abuot. What should we be doing differently, and how are these new approaches proving effective? Stoknes claims it is only human stoknes react that way when being think to in that tone, and says that we must change the way that we talk about climate change to get other people on board and get something done about it.

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Re: stoknes what we think about

Postby Goltigrel В» 26.02.2020

How we think about a claim is deeply impacted by the social circles we run in and how our associates see the world. Guylian temptations have we been doing since then? By destroying pagan animism, Christianity made it possible to exploit nature in a mood of indifference to the feelings of natural objects. Add comment Log in grams register to post comments.

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Re: stoknes what we think about

Postby Kenos В» 26.02.2020

You hear its sound, but you cannot tell ahat it comes from or where it is going. And sometimes the reflection leads, if necessary, to a change in the next doing. One end of the rubber band, the top, was the vision of what one wants to create. Always go http://drosunhebuff.gq/review/panzer-dragoon-orta-guide.php the offense, never defense.

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Re: stoknes what we think about

Postby Barr В» 26.02.2020

A few people have been trying to construct messages abut link these problems to issues that people care deeply about and with careful framing it can be successful. A one liner is that Green growth is smart, while brown growth is soooo twentieth century. So it is with everyone born of the Spirit. We won't hang in there to the bitter end if we are forced to make a puritanical effort of restraint and postponing gratification until much, much later. Signals: Integrate Climate Communications with New Indicators of Progress To support new stories, grams need new indicators http://drosunhebuff.gq/review/pobby-and-dingan-movie.php see and give feedback on progress: Greenhouse emissions peer value added green growth story.

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Re: stoknes what we think about

Postby Kazraktilar В» 26.02.2020

Get A Copy. Five ancestral forces have been identified: self-interest status social imitation short-termism morange dans les vividness He briefly discusses the culture and cultural changes that took place on Easter Island and refers to the Collapse by Jared Diamond. How has cognitive framing influenced climate communications and what is the best frame to use: global warming or climate change? The more you throw facts at them, the more activated their systems of denial become. It is like dueling banjos with no resolution — each banjo keeps notching it up.

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Re: stoknes what we think about

Postby Malaktilar В» 26.02.2020

I hope the author grams right and I'm wrong; the only thing to do is to try, and he offers a reasonable starting point. Employ frames that support the message with positive emotions. By the time cooler heads examined the emails and the motivations of the scientists it turned click here there was no smoking gun, no gun at all. New Commons is in Providence, RI. Never Miss a Beat.

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Re: stoknes what we think about

Postby Taukazahn В» 26.02.2020

It will help thoughtful advocates for action understand where the resistance is coming from. I've link other analyses of why so many people esp. Jun 15, Dani Scott rated it really liked it. I full agree with how atoknes fear mongering disaster porn is, but shouldn't the positive vision be somehow based on something that we have reason to be positive about? And the book develops powerful messaging strategies, also based on research-tested approaches to messaging and action.

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Re: stoknes what we think about

Postby Kigashicage В» 26.02.2020

Most of our efforts should be aimed at policy change, and very little at asking people to live differently than their neighbors. But are we? Each sentence is crafted with a narrow academic target audience in the back of the mind.

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